North Korea Leadership Watch

Research and Analysis on the DPRK Leadership

Gen. Ri Yong Gil

Ri Yong Gil (right, saluting) with Kim Jong Un at a February 2018 military parade (Photo: KCNA).

updated 8 April 2022

Gen. Ri Yong Gil (Ri Yo’ng-kil; Yi Yo’ng-kil) is Minister of Defense.  Ri is also a member of the Workers’ Party of Korea [WPK] Political Bureau, the WPK Central Military Commission [CMC], the WPK Central Committee, the State Affairs Commission [SAC] and a deputy to the Supreme People’s Assembly [SPA].

Col. Gen. Ri Yong Gil (annotated) attends a 29 March 2013 meeting at which Kim Jong Un was briefed upon and authorized the use of missile units against US and ROK military bases (Photo: Rodong Sinmun)

Col. Gen. Ri Yong Gil (annotated) attends a 29 March 2013 meeting at which Kim Jong Un was briefed upon and authorized the use of missile units against US and ROK military bases (Photo: Rodong Sinmun)

From 2002 to 2006, Ri Yong Gil served as a commander of the III Army Corps, a KPA ground forces unit that defends the perimeter around Pyongyang.  From 2007 to 2012 he served as commander of the V Army Corps, stationed on the inter-Korean border in Kangwo’n Province and one of the KPA’s four foward-deployed ground corps-level units.  His prior career includes a combination of field command experience (battalion commander, corps chief of staff) and service in the KPA’s high command (such as the Ministry of People’s Armed Forces or the General Staff).

On 17 December 2012, Ri delivered a speech at a KPA rally commemorating the one-year anniversary of the death of leader Kim Jong Il.  In February and March 2013 Col. Gen. Ri accompanied Kim Jong Un on several field inspections of KPA units.  Ri also attended a meeting convened by Kim Jong Un after midnight on 29 March 2013, at which KJU signed orders putting KPA missile units on “stand-by” to potentially attack US and ROK military bases.

From February 2013 to August, Ri served as director of the General Staff Operations Bureau.  In that position was  is responsible for the daily command and control of the DPRK’s conventional military forces.  Commanders of the KPA’s conventional corps-level units report to Col. Gen. Ri who reports both to the Chief of the KPA General Staff and directly to the KPA Supreme Command (via the Operations Bureau’s #10 Office).

Ri was appointed Chief of the KPA General Staff in August 2013.  He was removed from office at the first-ever joint expanded meeting of the WPK Central Committee and KPA Party Committee on February 2, 2016.  Following his removal from office, Gen. Ri was rumored in international media reports to have been executed for corruption.  However, he reappeared during the 7th Congress of the Workers’ Party of Korea in May 2016.  He was elected a member of the 7th WPK Central Committee, an alternate member of the WPK Political Bureau and member of the WPK Central Military Commission.  Prior to the convocation of the 7th Party Congress, Ri Yong Gil was appointed to his previous position of Director of the KPA General Staff Operations Bureau and concurrently 1st Vice Chief of the KPA General Staff, serving under VMar Ri Myong Su [Ri Myo’ng-su].

Kim Jong Un watches the KPA 2017 Tank Competition. Also in attendance are: Vice Minister of the People’s Armed Forces Col. Gen. Yun Tong Hyong [a]; KPA General Staff Operations Bureau Director Col. Gen. Ri Yong Gil [b]; KPA General Political Department Director VMar Hwang Pyong So [c]; and, Chief of the KPA General Staff VMar Ri Myong Su (Photo: KCNA).

In late 2019, Ri Yong Gil migrated to a civilian Party leadership position.  During the 5th plenary meeting of the 7th Central Committee, Ri was appointed Senior Deputy Director (1st Vice Director) of the Organization Guidance Department [OGD].  In late 2020, Ri was appointed Minister of People’s Security (a.k.a., Minister of Social Security).  At the 8th Party Congress in January 2021, in line with this position he was elected a member of the WPK Political Bureau.  In September 2021, Ri was appointed Minister of Defense and elected to the SAC

Ri was born in 1955.

Ri Yong Gil’s known effective promotions occurred in April 2002 to Lt. General** and 2010 to Col. General.  He was promoted to four-star general in August 2013.  He was elected to full membership in the KWP Central Committee on 28 September 2010 at the 3rd Party Conference.  He was ranked #76 on the national funeral committee formed after Kim Jong Il’s death in December 2011.

**At the top of the April 2002 military promotions’ list was Jang Song U (Chang So’ng-u) to Vice Marshal.  VMar Jang was serving as the de facto director of the Guard Command and was previously a commander of III Army Corps, the unit Ri Yong Gil is rumored to have commanded starting in 2002.**


“Order of KPA Supreme Commander on raising military ranks,” Korean Central News Agency, April 14, 2002; “Service Personnel Renew Loyalty Pledge to Kim Jong Un,” Korean Central News Agency, December 17, 2012; “Members and Alternate Members of WPK Central Committee,” Korean Central News Agency, September 28, 2010; “Former Fifth Corps Commander Has Become New Director of the Operations Bureau of the North’s Army,” Yonhap News Agency (in Korean), March 28, 2013; “Kim Jong Un Convenes Operation Meeting, Finally Examines and Ratifies Plan for Firepower Strike,” Korean Central News Agency, March 29, 2013; Gause, Ken E.  North Korean Leadership Dynamics and Decision-making under Kim Jong-un A First Year Assessment. (Alexandria, VA: CNA, September 2013) p. 22

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